I recently encountered Beth Andres-Beck’s (2012) interesting note asking is reading the Internet convincing women not to study computer science? I find her affirmative conclusion compelling as she shows:
- an increasing gap in interest in C.S. between men and women post-Internet (1996) in the U.S.;
- a negative correlation within other countries once the Internet is introduced;
- a negative correlation across countries: countries with pervasive access tend to have suppressed CS interest by women.
The one exception is “the group of Mediterranean nations that show a positive correlation.” Andres-Beck surmises these differences are cultural, to which I am sympathetic. As I write in Free as in Sexist: The Gender Gap in the Free Culture Movement
Related figures do indicate that these imbalances are significantly affected by social context. (It is more than a simple choice by individuals.) For example, among Wikipedians who gender-identify in their profile, women are 12% of the Wikipedians on the German encyclopedia but 23% of those at the Russian one (Reagle 2011). Also, 40 years ago there were few women in computing. Eventually women began to enter the field with their share of computer-related positions peaking in the 1980s – but declining since (NCWIT 2007). Contemporaneously, culture and environment can be significant determinants of women’s participation in computing. One can see this in the micro-cultures of a particular college or programming methodology as well as in cultures where computing is seen as a good career path rather than a masculine or personality-driven type activity (e.g., Palestine, Qatar, and Malaysia) (Blum et al. 2008; Lagesen 2008).
Andres-Beck, Beth. 2012. “Is Reading the Internet Convincing Women Not to Study Computer Science?.” http://blog.bethcodes.com/is-the-internet-convincing-women-not-to-study.
Blum, Lenore, Carol Frieze, Orit Hazzan, and M. Bernadine Dias. 2008. A Cultural Perspective on Gender Diversity in Computing. Proceeding of the 2008 Conference on Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy. Amsterdam: IOS Press. http://www.cs.cmu.edu/\~cfrieze/CrossingCultures.pdf.
Lagesen, Vivian Anette. 2008. A Cyberfeminist Utopia?: Perceptions of Gender and Computer Science Among Malaysian Women Computer Science Students and Faculty. Vol. 33. Sage Publications. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0162243907306192.
NCWIT. 2007. “NCWIT Scorecard 2007: A Report on the Status of Women in Information Technology.” http://ncwit.org/pdf/2007_Scorecard_Web.pdf.
Reagle, Joseph. 2011. “Comparative ‘Gender Gaps.’” https://reagle.org/joseph/blog/social/wikipedia/comparitive-gender-gaps.