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Utopia

Title of a book by [[Thomas More]], the name is derived from the Greek, meaning "Nowhere". A fictional depiction of a rationally organised society, the title has since been used as a generic word to describe both works of fiction in which the author's theories of a better way to organise society are dramatised, and actual communities founded in attempts to put such theories into practice. The theories generally revolve around a more equitable distribution of goods, frequently  with the total abolition of money, and citizens only doing work which they enjoy, leaving them with ample time for the cultivation of the arts and sciences. The sewers in a utopia ''never'' need unblocking.

Examples of utopias:

The section in [[Gullivers Travels|Gulliver's Travels]] by [[Jonathan Swift]] depicting the calm, rational society of the [[Houyhnhm]]s, is certainly utopian, but it is meant to contrast with that of the [[Yahoo|yahoos]], who represent the worst that the human race can do. 

[[Looking Backward]], by [[Edward Bellamy]]

[[News from Nowhere]], by [[William Morris]]; see also the [[Arts and Crafts Movement]] founded to put his ideas into practice

A large number of books by [[H.G. Wells]]

[[Aldous Huxley]]s book [[Island]]. (His most famous work, [[Brave New World]] could perhaps be considered a utopia, as the people in that society are certainly happy, but it is more generally regarded by critics as a [[Dystopia|dystopian]] [[Satire|satire]], as they actually have no choice in whether they are happy or not.)

[[B.F. Skinner]]'s [[Walden Two]]

( This list can't possibly be a complete one, but it's something to get started on.
Do the [[Shakers]] count as a utopian community? And wasn't there  one called something like  "New Harmony" founded by Robert Owen?)