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United_States|Government

You may read the [[UnitedStatesConstitution]] as well.

Country name: 
conventional long form: United States of America 
conventional short form: United States 
abbreviation: US or USA 

Data code: US 

Government type: federal republic; strong democratic tradition 

Capital: [[Washington]], [[DC]] 

Administrative divisions: 50 states and 1 district*; [[Alabama]], [[Alaska]], [[Arizona]], [[Arkansas]], [[California]], [[Colorado]], [[Connecticut]],
[[Delaware]], [[District of Columbia]]*, [[Florida]], [[Georgia]], [[Hawaii]], [[Idaho]], [[Illinois]], [[Indiana]], [[Iowa]], [[Kansas]], [[Kentucky]], [[Louisiana]], [[Maine]],
[[Maryland]], [[Massachusetts]], [[Michigan]], [[Minnesota]], [[Mississippi]], [[Missouri]], [[Montana]], [[Nebraska]], [[Nevada]], [[New Hampshire]], [[New Jersey]],
[[New Mexico]], [[New York]], [[North Carolina]], [[North Dakota]], [[Ohio]], [[Oklahoma]], [[Oregon]], [[Pennsylvania]], [[Rhode Island]], [[South Carolina]],
[[South Dakota]], [[Tennessee]], [[Texas]], [[Utah]], [[Vermont]], [[Virginia]], [[Washington]], [[West Virginia]], [[Wisconsin]], [[Wyoming]] 

Dependent areas: [[American Samoa]], [[Baker Island]], [[Guam]], [[Howland Island]], [[Jarvis Island]], [[Johnston Atoll]], [[Kingman Reef]], [[Midway
Islands]], [[Navassa Island]], [[Northern Mariana Islands]], [[Palmyra Atoll]], [[Puerto Rico]], [[Virgin Islands]], [[Wake Island]] 
note: from 18 July 1947 until 1 October 1994, the US administered the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, but recently entered
into a new political relationship with all four political units: the Northern Mariana Islands is a commonwealth in political union with
the US (effective 3 November 1986); Palau concluded a Compact of Free Association with the US (effective 1 October 1994); the
Federated States of Micronesia signed a Compact of Free Association with the US (effective 3 November 1986); the Republic of the
Marshall Islands signed a Compact of Free Association with the US (effective 21 October 1986) 

Independence: 4 July 1776 (from Great Britain) 

National holiday: Independence Day, 4 July (1776) 

Constitution: 17 September 1787, effective 4 March 1789 

Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with
reservations 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: 
chief of state: President George W. Bush (since 20 January 2001) and Vice President Richard Cheney (since 20 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government 
head of government: President George W. Bush (since 20 January 2001) and Vice President Richard Cheney (since 20 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government as well as leader of the military

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval 
elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by a college of representatives who are elected directly from each
state; president and vice president serve four-year terms; election last held 5 November 1996 (next to be held 7 November 2000) 
election results: William Jefferson CLINTON reelected president; percent of popular vote - William Jefferson CLINTON
(Democratic Party) 49.2%, Robert DOLE (Republican Party) 40.7%, Ross PEROT (Reform Party) 8.4%, other 1.7% 

Legislative branch: bicameral Congress consists of Senate (100 seats, one-third are renewed every two years; two members are
elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly
elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms) 
elections: Senate - last held 2 November 1998 (next to be held 7 November 2000); House of Representatives - last held 2 November
1998 (next to be held 7 November 2000) 
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 55, Democratic Party 45; House of
Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 223, Democratic Party 211, independent 1 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (the nine justices are appointed for life by the president with confirmation by the Senate) 

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [Steve GROSSMAN, national committee chairman]; Republican Party [Jim
NICHOLSON, national committee chairman]; several other groups or parties of minor political significance 

International organization participation: ANZUS, APEC, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE (observer), CERN (observer),
CP, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP, FAO, G-5, G-7, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA,
IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MIPONUH, NAM (guest),
NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SPC, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM,
UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTAET, UNTSO, UNU, [[UPU]], WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC 

Flag description: thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the
upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars (top and
bottom) alternating with rows of five stars; the 50 stars represent the 50 states, the 13 stripes represent the 13 original colonies;
known as Old Glory; the design and colors have been the basis for a number of other flags, including [[Chile]], [[Liberia]], [[Malaysia]], and [[Puerto Rico]]

See also [[US Internal Revenue Service]]