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Henry Mayhew  25 November 1812 - 25th July 1887

English journalist, one of the founders, and in the early days a co-editor, of the humorous magazine [[Punch Magazine|Punch]]

He is most famous now for his newspaper articles in the Morning Chronicle, in which he carried out a survey of the poor of [[United Kingdom/London|London]]. 

As he said:
"I shall consider the whole of the metropolitan poor under three separate 
phases, according as they will work, they can't work, and they won't work"

He interviewed everyone - beggars, street-entertainers, market traders, prostitutes, labourers, [[sweatshop]] workers, even 
down to the "mudlarks" who searched the [[Thames/pollution|stinking mud]] on the banks of the [[Thames]] for wood, metal, rope and coal from passing ships, and the "pure-finders" who gathered dog faeces to sell to tanners. He described their clothes, how and where they lived, their entertainments and customs, and made detailed estimates of the 
numbers and incomes of those practicing each trade. The books make fascinating reading, showing how marginal and precarious many peoples lives were, in what, at that time, must have been the richest city in the world.   

The articles were collected together in book form under the title "London 
Labour and the London Poor". This was in three volumes in 1851: the 1861 
edition included a fourth volume on the lives of prostitutes, thieves and