Wikipedia 10K Redux by Reagle from Starling archive. Bugs abound!!!

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Go is a board game that was introduced into Japan in about 500 A.D. Go is
 remarkable for the utter simplicity of it's rules and the extreme complexity of it's play.

*What do you need to play go.

   A Go board (''goban''): A Go board is a board with 19 horizontal and 19 verical lines.

   These form a grid of 361 intersections.

   Two sets of stones (''go-ishi''), one black and one white. The black  stones number 181,

   and the white ones 180.

* How do you play Go.

  The player with the black stones goes first and places one black stone at one of the 

  intersections on the Go board.

  The player with the white stones, goes next and does the same.

  A stone, once placed, cannot be removed.

  Play continues like this until the game is over.

* How to win a game of Go.

  Go is a game of capturing territory on the Go board. When a player completely surrounds

 an area on the Go board with his stones (has an "eye") that territory belongs to him, and
 he may remove his opponent's stones that has surrounded.

 A player's final score is the number of points on the board he has surrounded minus the

 number of stones he has lost to his oponent by capture. 

* It is traditional for players of unequal skill to use handicaps to equalize the game.