Frame

Net Surfers

Barry Wellman, Milena Gulia Virtual communities as communities: Net surfers don’t ride alone (WellmanGulia1999vca).

Bowling alone

Robert Putnam, Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital (Putnam 1995)

Question taxonomy

Bloom redux

Toward the revolution?

Connectivity

 

1 Automobile and airplane trips have made travel wider-ranging and broadly affordable, helping spread social networks worldwide.

 

2 The rapid growth of affordable telecommunications and computing has made communicating and gaining information more powerful and personal.

 

3 The general outbreak of peace and the spread of trade have driven commercial and social interconnectedness.

(McDonald’s theory of war)

Weaker group boundaries

 

4 Family composition, roles, and responsibilities have transformed households from groups to networks.

5 Structured and bounded voluntary organizations are becoming supplanted by more ad hoc, open, and informal networks of civic involvement and religious practice.

6 Common culture passed along through a small number of mass media firms has shifted to fragmented culture dispensed through more channels to more hardware.

Increased personal autonomy

 

7 Work has become flexible in the developed world, especially the shift from pushing atoms in manufacturing to pushing bits in white-collar “creative” work.

 

8 American society has become less bounded by ethnicity, gender, religion, and sexual orientation

 

9 The decline of defined-benefit pensions and the rise of independent retirement accounts

Concepts

Concepts??

Social networks

Ties

strong and weak

bridging (move information) and bonding (trust and solidarity)

Mathew Effect

Degrees of Bacon

About 83% of all Twitter users are within five steps of interconnection; one average, about half of people on twitter only four links away (RainieWellman 2012, “Network”, p. 55)

Loneliness

Conclusion