Joseph M. Reagle Jr.
Department of Communication Studies
Northeastern University
204 Lake Hall
Boston, MA 02115
Work: + 1 (617) 373-4855
<email address>

Research and Teaching Interests: digital culture (e.g., comments and geek feminism), collaboration, knowledge production and its legitimation, and the history of each.


Ph.D. (2008), Media, Culture, and Communication, New York University. Dissertation: “In good faith: Wikipedia collaboration and the pursuit of the universal encyclopedia.” Committee: Helen Nissenbaum (Chairperson), Gabriella Coleman, Natalia Levina.

S.M. (1996), Technology and Policy Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Thesis (E.E. 1996): “Trust in a cryptographic economy and digital security deposits: protocols and policies” [PDF]. Supervisor: Lee McKnight, Research Program on Communications Policy.

B.S. (1994), Computer Science (History minor), University of Maryland Baltimore County, magna cum laude. Major Areas: Cryptography, computer security, and the history of science, computing, and telecommunication. Honors and Activities: Fellow of the Honors College, numerous scholarships, chair of the university chapter of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).


Assistant Professor, Communication Studies, Northeastern University (2011-). Major Activities: teaching and research on collaboration, free culture, online comments, geek feminism and the gender gap.

Faculty Associate, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard University (2011- ). Major Activities: discussions and presentations on research interests.

Academic Fellow, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard University (2010-2011). Major Activities: research, writing, and lecturing on Wikipedia and collaborative culture.

Doctoral student and instructor Department of Media, Culture, and Communication, New York University (2003-2010). Major Activities: course work, teaching and research on online content communities.

Resident Fellow, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard Law School (1998-1999) Major Activities: Research on social protocols, and writing and lecturing.

Policy Analyst, World Wide Web Consortium and Research Engineer, Laboratory for Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1996-2003). Major Activities: Co-Chair and Editor of IETF/W3C XML Signature Working Group; Chair and Editor of the W3C XML Encryption Working Group; Chair of the W3C Platform for Privacy Preferences Harmonization Group; policy analysis with respect to content control, privacy, and intellectual property; development of W3C copyright, trademark, and patent policies and licenses.

Research Associate, Research Program on Communication Policy, MIT Center for Technology, Policy, and Industrial Development (1994-1996). Major Activities: research related to information security, electronic commerce and cryptographic policy.


Communication in the Digital Age, NEU: Fall 2013

Media Culture & Society, NEU: Spring 2012, Fall 2012.

Principles of Organizational Communication, NEU: Fall 2012, Fall 2013

New Media Culture, NEU: Fall 2011.

Media, Technology, Society, NYU: Fall 2008/2009.

Conflict Management, NYU: Fall 2007, Spring/Fall 2008, Spring/Fall 2009, Spring 2010.

Impacts of Technology, NYU: Fall 2006, Spring 2007.


(Available as a BibTex file)


(J. Reagle, 2010b)

Book chapters

(J. Reagle, 2011)

(J. Reagle, 2006c)

Refereed publications

(Loveland & Reagle, 2013)

(J. Reagle, 2013)

(J. Reagle, 2012)

(J. Reagle & Rhue, 2011)

(J. Reagle, 2010a)

(J. Reagle, 2007a)

(J. Reagle, 2007b)

(J. Reagle, 2006a)

(J. Reagle, 2004)

(Ackerman, Cranor, & Reagle, 1999)

(Cranor, Reagle, & Ackerman, 1999)

(L. Cranor & Reagle, 1999b)

(L. Cranor & Reagle, 1997)

(Martin & Reagle, 1997)

Non-refereed publications

(J. Reagle, 2009)

(J. Reagle, 2007c)

(J. Reagle, 2006b)

(J. Reagle, 2005b)

(J. Reagle, 2005a)

(L. Cranor & Reagle, 1999a)

(J. Reagle, 1999a)

(J. Reagle, 1999b)

(J. Reagle, 1999c)

(J. Reagle, 1996)

(McKnight et al., 1995)


(J. Reagle, 2005b)

(J. Reagle, 1998)

(J. Reagle, 1997)

Technical Reports and Standards

(Boyer, Eastlake, & Reagle, 2002)

(D. Eastlake, Reagle, & Solo, 2002)

(Boyer et al., 2002)

(Boyer, Hughes, & Reagle, 2002)

(L. Cranor, Langheinrich, Marchiori, Presler-Marshall, & Reagle, 2002)

(J. Reagle, 2001)

(Reagle, Weitzner, Rein, Stephens, & Lebowitz, 1999)

(J. Reagle & Weitzner, 1998)

Works in Progress

(J. Reagle, 2014b)

(J. Reagle, 2014c)

(J. Reagle, 2014a)

(J. Reagle, 2015)



— (2013, May). “Online Cooperation: The Case of Wikipedia”. Keynote at Workshop on Examples of Successful Cooperation at the Institute for Advanced Study: Centre for Global Cooperation Research. Duisburg, Germany.

— (2012, October). “410 Gone: Infocide in Open Content Communities.” Refereed presentation at Research 13.0 Session 016: Leaving; Exits and Death Online. Salford, UK.

— (2011, August). “Wikipedia And|Or? Prophecy Fulfilled, Happy Accident, Informational Apocalypse.” Keynote at Wikimania 2011. Haifa, Israel. (See video.)

— (2010, March). “Wikipedia and Encyclopedic Anxiety.” Presentation in Encyclopedic Histories panel at Critical Points of View. Amsterdam, Netherlands. (See video.)

— (2002, May). “The status/design of XML Signatures and Encryption.” Presented at Eleventh International World Wide Web Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii. Also, at Distributed Systems Technology Centre; Sydney, Australia; October 2002.

— (1999, November). “Internet NG and Its Impact on Society.” Presentation at The 21st Century Program, Keio University. Kanagawa, Japan.

— (1998, April). “The Other P in P3P: Global Policy and the P3P Vocabulary.” Presentation at the Asia Pacific Forum on Privacy and Personal Data Protection. Hong Kong.

— (1997, February). “Technical Constraints of Regulating Commercial Activity on the Internet.” Presentation at Regulating Commercial Activity on the Internet. Nice, France.


— (2010, October). “Good Faith Collaboration: The Culture of Wikipedia.” Book talk at Berkman Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University. Cambridge, MA. (See video.)

— (1999, January). “Why the Internet is Good: The Internet as an Instrument of Policy Formation” Presentation at Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School. Cambridge, MA.


_ (2013, December). “Bibliography and Bitrot.” Refereed presentation at Technologies and/of Text Roundtable. New Media in American Literary History Symposium. Northeastern University, Boston, MA.

— (2013, November). “Geek Knowing: From Faq To Feminism 101.” (Video) Presentation at Microsoft Research. Cambridge, MA.

— (2013, February). “Free as in Sexist? The Gendergap in Free Culture” Presentation at UMass Amherst. Amherst, MA.

— (2011, October). “Wikipedia: Friend or Foe?” Presentation at Northeastern University Open Access Week. Boston, MA.

— (2009, December). “Wikipedia as a Reliable Source of Health Information.” Presentation at NYU College of Dentistry. New York, NY.

— (2009, February). “In Good Faith: Wikipedia Collaboration and the Pursuit of the Universal Encyclopedia.” Presentation at Information Law Institute ITS Colloquium, New York University Law School. New York, NY.

— (2006, March). “Encyclopedias, Copyright, and Plagiarism.” Guest lecture in Copyright, Culture, and Commerce at New York University. New York, NY.

— (2002, November). “A Personal History of Internet Policy.” Presentation at Technology and Policy Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cambridge, MA.

— (2001, February). “URIs and Web Architecture.” Guest lecture in E-Commerce Architecture, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cambridge, MA.

Awards and Honors

Research honorarium, Evaluating Creative Production In Digital Environments. 2012-2013.

Doctoral Summer Research Grant, Steinhardt School of Education. Summer 2007.

Doctoral Fellow, Steinhardt School of Education. 2003-2006.

Technology Review: Selected as a member of TR100, “a unique gathering of today’s top young (under 35) innovators and key leaders in technology and business.” May 2002.

digitalMASScom: Selected as a Digital Master, “Profiles of local techies making news, breaking new ground, or just doing interesting stuff.” 2000.


Northeastern University

University Service

2011-2013 Library Operations and Policy Committee

2012-2013 Participation in Open Access Week

College Service

2012-2013 CAMD Media Symposium Committee

Department Service

2014 Curriculum Committee

2013 Faculty Search Committee (Three searches)

2012-2013 Student recruitment

2011 Faculty Search Committee

Public Service

2013-2014 The Ada Initiative Advisory Board

Professional Activities


Sociological Forum 2013.

Journal of Peer Production 2013; (review).

Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) 2013.

International Journal of Communication 2012.

International Journal of Learning and Media, 2011.

Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2006.

Journal of Systems and Software, 2005.

Reviewer: Journal of Electronic Commerce Research (JECR), Security and Ecommerce Special Issue, 2003.

IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 2002.


JHU Press, 2013.

MIT Press, 2011, 2012.


NSF, 2012, 2013.


Wikipedia Academy, 2012 (Program Committee).

WikiSym 2012 (Program Committee).

CHI 2011, 2010.

AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, 2010, 2011.

43nd Hawaiian International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-43), 2009.

The 1st Wiki-Conference New York, 2009 (Program Committee).

WikiSym, 2008, 2009, 2011 (Program Committee).

Wikimania, 2006 (Program Committee), 2008.

Toward a More Secure Web - W3C Workshop on Usability and Transparency of Web Authentication, 2006.

Thirty-Ninth Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2005.

WWW2003 Security and Privacy, 2003 (Program Committee).

WWW2002 Electronic Commerce and Security, 2002 (Program Committee).

Reagle, J. (2015). Reading the comments: Likers, haters, and manipulators at the bottom of the Net.

Reagle, J. (2014a). “Fake geek girls”? Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2014b). Revenge rating and tweak critique at In Evaluating creative production in digital environments. New York: Routledge. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2014c). The obligation to know: From FAQ to Feminism 101. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2013). “Free as in sexist?”: Free culture and the gender gap. First Monday, 18(1). Retrieved from

Loveland, J., & Reagle, J. (2013). Wikipedia and encyclopedic production. New Media & Society. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2012). 410 gone - Infocide in Open Content Communities. In F. Attwod (ed.), Selected papers of internet research aoIR13. Presented at the AoIR13, Association of Internet Researchers. Retrieved from

Reagle, J., & Rhue, L. (2011). Gender Bias in Wikipedia and Britannica. International Journal of Communication, 5. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2011). The Argument Engine. In G. Lovink & N. Tkacz (eds.), Critical point of view: A wikipedia reader (pp. 14–33). Amsterdam: Waag Society. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2010a). “Be nice”: Wikipedia norms for supportive communication. New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia (Special Issue on Web Science), 16(1), 161–180. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2010b). Good faith collaboration: The culture of Wikipedia. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2009). Wikipedia: the happy accident. Interactions, 16(3), 42–45. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2007a). Bug tracking systems as Public Spheres. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology, 11(1, Fall). Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2007b). Do as I do: Authorial leadership in Wikipedia. In Proceedings of wikiSym ’07: The 2007 international symposium on wikis. Presented at the WikiSym ’07: The 2007 international symposium on wikis, New York: ACM Press. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2007c). Equality, gender, and speech in open communities. Re-public. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2006a). Is the Wikipedia neutral? Proceedings of wikimania 2006. Presented at the Wikimania 2006, Wikimedia. Retrieved August 1, 2006, from

Reagle, J. (2006b). Notions of openness. In FM10 openness: Code, science, and content: Selected papers from the first monday conference. First Monday. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2006c). Open communities and closed law. In L. Bansal, P. Keller, & G. Lovink (eds.), In the shade of the commons -towards a culture of open networks (pp. 165–167). Waag Society Amsterdam. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2005a). A case of mutual aid: Wikipedia, politeness, and perspective taking. In Proceedings of wikimania 2005. Presented at the Wikimania 2005, Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2005b). Trust in electronic markets. First Monday, Special Issue #3: Internet banking, e-money, and Internet gift economies. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2004). Open content communities. M/C: A Journal of Media and Culture, 7(3). Retrieved from

Boyer, J., Eastlake, D. E., & Reagle, J. (2002). Exclusive XML canonicalization version 1.0 (Recommendation). W3C. Retrieved from

Cranor, L., Langheinrich, M., Marchiori, M., Presler-Marshall, M., & Reagle, J. (2002). The platform for privacy preferences 1.0 (P3P1.0) (Recommendation). W3C. Retrieved from

Eastlake, D., Reagle, J., & Solo, D. (2002). XML-Signature syntax and processing (Recommendation). W3C. Retrieved from

Boyer, J., Hughes, M., & Reagle, J. (2002). XML-Signature XPath filter 2.0 (Recommendation). W3C. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (2001). A P3P assurance signature profile (Note). W3C. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (1999a). Agent: I don’t think it means, what you think it means. In Proceedings of the international conference on law and technology. Presented at the The international conference on law and technology. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. M., Weitzner, D. J., Rein, B. D., Stephens, G. T., & Lebowitz, H. C. (1999). Analysis of P3P and US Patent 5,862,325 (Note). W3C. Retrieved from

Cranor, L. F., Reagle, J., & Ackerman, M. S. (1999). Beyond concern: Understanding Net users’ attitudes about online privacy. In I. Vogelsang & B. M. Compaine (eds.), Proceedings of telecommunications policy research conference (tPRC99): the internet upheaval: Raising questions, seeking answers in communications policy (p. 47). Presented at the Telecommunications policy research conference (tPRC99): the internet upheaval: Raising questions, seeking answers in communications policy, New York: ACM Press. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (1999b). Eskimo snow and Scottish rain: Legal considerations of schema design (W3C Note). World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved from

Cranor, L., & Reagle, J. (1999a). P3P in a nutshell. Web Techniques, 4, 68–70.

Ackerman, M. S., Cranor, L. F., & Reagle, J. (1999). Privacy in E-Commerce: examining user scenarios and privacy preferences. In Proceedings of aCM conference on electronic commerce (eC’99) (pp. 1–8). Presented at the ACM conference on electronic commerce (eC’99), New York: ACM Press. Retrieved from

Cranor, L., & Reagle, J. (1999b). The platform for privacy preferences. Communications of the ACM, 4(2), 48–55. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (1999c). Why the Internet is good: Community governance that works well (Working Draft). Berkman Center for Internet; Society, Harvard Law School. Retrieved from

Reagle, J., & Weitzner, D. (1998). Statement on the intent and use of PICS: using PICS well (Note). W3C. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (1998). The Web as a global forum. Open Systems Standards Tracking Report: Newsletter on Information Technology and Telecommunications Standardization, 7(1).

Martin, C. D., & Reagle, J. M. (1997). A technical alternative to government regulation and censorship: Content advisory systems for the Internet. Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal, 15(2), 409–427. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (1997). Bridging the trust gap. WIRED, 5(03). Retrieved from

Cranor, L., & Reagle, J. (1997). Designing a social protocol: Lessons learned from the Platform for Privacy Preferences Project. In Proceedings of telecommunications policy research conference (tPRC97). Presented at the Telecommunications policy research conference (tPRC97), New York: ACM Press. Retrieved from

Reagle, J. (1996). Trust in electronic markets. First Monday, 1(2). Retrieved from

McKnight, L., Solomon, R., Reagle, J., Carver, D., Johnson, C., Gerovac, B., & Gingold, D. (1995). Information security for electronic commerce on the Internet: the need for a new policy and new research. Journal of Electronic Publishing. Retrieved from